FAQ

How do I translate "ivory"?

animal bone

vSUN
How do I translate "mina"?

weight

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How do I translate "sling"?

throw rock weapon

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How do I translate "Naphoth Dor" or "Naphath Dor"?

Dor's Villages (use proper noun indicator after villages"

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How do I translate "heart break"?

very sad

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How do I translate "upright"?

use either justice or righteous depending on the context.

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How do I translate "naked"?

no cover

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How do I translate "mighty men"?

strong men

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How do I translate "trained to fight with sword"?

know use sword fight

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How do I translate exalt?

lift

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How do I translate dew?

morning water

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How do I translate "cripple" or "lame"?

You can use the symbol for paralyze or translate it "no ability walk." 

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How do I translate "like wax before fire"?

same sand in_front fire

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How do I translate owl?

loud, big, bird

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How do I translate "jackal"?

loud, wild, dog

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How do I translate evil spirit?

bad spirit

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How do I translate "bee"?

honey insect 

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How do I translate "Lord of all the earth"?

everyone's Lord (be sure to insert proper noun indicator after lord)

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What symbol do I use for the land Kittim?

Cyprus

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How do I translate "millstone"?

big rock tool

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How do I translate "witchcraft"?

sorcery

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How do I translate "nurse"?

If it means breastfeeding, use “give milk”. If it means to make well, use “help make healthy.” If it means medical person, use "woman help heal people." If it means a nursemaid, use "woman servant".

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How do I translate "Ashtoreth'?

Baal's mother

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How do I translate "Arabah Sea"?

Dead Sea, place proper noun indicators after each word

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How do I translate "Havvoth Jair"?

Jair's Tent Villages, use proper noun indicators after tent and villages

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How do I translate "lazy"?

no desire work

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How do I translate "finger nail"?

finger's hard end

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How do I translate "exile"?

send away

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How do I translate Valley of Aven?

sin pn valley pn (the pn represents the proper noun indicator). Don't capitalize sin in English or a different symbol will appear.

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How do I translate cherub?

guard angel

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How do I translate "cling"?

very touch

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How do I translate Arabah road?

Desert Road, place proper noun indicators after each symbol.

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How do I translate Anakim?

Anak's people

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How do I translate "lend"?

allow person use your money

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How do I translate "Purim" and "pur"?

Purim can be translated Lot Party. Be sure to insert proper noun indicators after each word. 

Pur can be translated lot.

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How do I translate "Agagite"?

Agagite is the same as Amalekite, so translate this "Amalek's people".

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How do I translate "gazelle"?

deer

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How do I translate "wormwood"?

bitter plant

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How do I translate "Red Sea" or "Sea of Reeds"?

These are the same sea. Translate both as Reed Sea. Be sure to include proper noun indicator after each word.

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How do I translate "Mediterranean Sea"?

West Sea - be sure to insert proper noun indicator

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How do I translate "God's right hand"?

Translate this literally. God's right hand.

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How do I translate "zealous"?

strong desire

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Is Kadesh and Kadesh Barnea the same place?

Scholars are not in agreement. For SUN, use the same symbol "Kadesh" for both.

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How do I translate "remnant"?

people come back land

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How do translate "stiff-necked people"?
hard neck
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How do I translate "evil"?

sin

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How do I translate "sweep"?

scatter

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How do I translate "dread", "terror" , or "anguish"?

fear

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How do I translate "calamity", "disaster", or "distress"?

trouble

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How do I translate "correction"?

rebuke

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How do I translate "pay attention"?

careful hear

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How do I translate "fear of Yahweh"?

afraid Yahweh

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How do I translate "sayings"?

parables

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How do I translate "riddle"?

mysteries

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How do I translate "guidance"?

plan

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How do I translate "no borrow"?

no ask money

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How do I translate " no partiality"?

honor everyone same

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How do I translate "naive"?

fool

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How do I translate "fair"?

justice

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How do I translate "discretion"?

Use the symbols "know choose righteous".

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How do I translate "insight"?

understand

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How do I translate "prudence"?

wisdom

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How do I translate "counsel"?

teach

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How do I translate "instruction"?

If the Hebrew word is "musar", translate "instruction" with the symbol "discipline".

If the Hebrew word is "etsah", translate "instruction" with the symbol "teach".

You can check biblehub.com for the original Hebrew word used.

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How do I translate "refuge" or "stronghold" or "fortress"?

strong wall

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How do I translate the phrases, "gathered to your people" and "go to your fathers"?

Avoid translating these as "you die." Better to translate them as "you go to your ancestors in peace."

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How do I translate "a land flowing with milk and honey?"

"land full milk and honey"

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How do I translate "instructions, statutes, decrees, and commandments"?

"teachings, laws, and commands". Since decrees also mean commands, we can combine these into one symbol.

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How do I translate "stubborn" or "stiff-necked"?

Use the symbols "hard heart" to convey this idea. 

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How do I translate "signet ring"?

king's ring

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How do I translate "Sabeans"?

Sheba_land's people

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How do I translate "Yahweh of Hosts"?

Yahweh king over angels's armies

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How do I translate "the oppressed"?

You can convey the idea of oppression by saying "people enemy crush." However, you may need to rearrange this some to ensure that it never sounds like the Lord is doing the crushing. If in doubt, leave it in English, and the verse checker can translate it.

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How do I translate "high priest"?

lead priest

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How do I translate "gallows"?

death tower

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How do I translate "ambush"?

hide and wait

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How do I translate "kinsman"?

family person

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How do I translate "kinsman redeemer"?

family's redeem person

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How do I translate "high places"?

idol altars

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How do I translate "bind"?

tie

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How do I translate "oath"?

very promise

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How do I translate "vow"?

promise

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How do I translate cedar?

tree

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How do I translate bucket?

big jar

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How do I translate aloe?

fragrant tree

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How do I translate Arameans?

Aram's people

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How do I translate Levites?

Levi's people

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How do I translate "fortune-telling" or "divination"?

false prophecy

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How do I translate "mankind"?

world's people

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How do I translate Edomites?

Edom_land's people

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How do I translate "produce sweet aroma"?

make smell me desire

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How do I translate "scapegoat"?

goat carry sins

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How do I translate "clan"?

family

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How do I translate "defile"?

dirty

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How do I translate "coal"?

fire rock

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How do I translate "censer"?

incense tool

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How do I translate "snatch"?

very lift

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How do I translate "pit"?

deep hole

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How do I translate "assembly" or "community"?

gathered_people, if it's referring to the Israelites, you can add, Israel's gathered_people

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How do I translate "fine flour"?

good flour

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How do I translate "lay hands on"?

put hands on

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How do I translate pomegranate?

seed fruit

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How do I translate camp?

If it's referring to the place, translate it "tent land." If it's a verb, translate it "sleep in tent."

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How do I translate meat?

flesh

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How do I translate resin?

yellow tree water

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How do I translate coriander?

seed

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How do I translate Jebusites?

old Jerusalem's people

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How do I translate tree sap?

tree's fragrant water

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How do I translate bdellium?

tree's fragrant water

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How do I translate Most High?
Most Great (be sure to insert proper noun indicators after each word to show it's God's name)
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How do I translate Jubilee?

Free Year (be sure to insert proper noun indicators)

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How do I translate "flattery"?

false kindness

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How do I translate "petition"?

mouth my need

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How do I translate "selah"?

stop and praise

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How do I translate "double minded"?

two minds

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How do I translate "insult"?

mock

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How do I translate "meditate"?

very think

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How do I translate "revive me"?

give me life

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How do I translate "holy assembly"?

holy gathered_people

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How do I translate Festival of Shelters?

Tent Party (be sure to include the pn after each word to make it a proper noun)

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How do I translate Day of Atonement?

Cover Sin Day (be sure to include the pn after each word to make it a proper noun)

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How do I translate "first fruit"?

first part

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How do I translate "freewill offering"?

free desire offering

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How do I translate chaff?

seed's cover

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How do I translate prosper or prosperous?

bless

For instance: ULB says, "whatever he does prosper." SUN says, "God bless everything man work."

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How do I translate "isolate" when referring to isolating someone from their people?

split from people

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How do I translate "raw flesh"?

open flesh

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How do I translate a skin "rash"?

spot

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How do I translate "boil" when referring to a skin boil?

pain sick flesh

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How do I translate "swelling" when it is referring to the skin?

flesh up

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How do I translate "atonement"?

cover sin

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How do I translate "lizard"?

snake have legs

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How do I translate fish "scale"?

fish leather

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How do I translate "fin"?

fish wing

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How do I translate "cut off from among people"?

split from people

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How do I translate "without blemish"?

perfect

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How do I translate "tabernacle"?

If the tabernacle is the movable tent of meeting, use the symbols gathered_people tent. If the tabernacle is a permanent structure, use the symbol temple.

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How do I translate "tent of meeting"?
gathered_people tent
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How do I translate "tunic"?

cloak

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How do I translated "hin"?

jar

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How do I translate fine linen?

good linen

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How do I translate I AM when it is the name of God?
Use the symbols "me same me." Use the proper noun indicator after each symbol so the reader knows it is a name of God.

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How do I translate "vomit"?

stomach spit

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How do I translate, "you have favor in my eyes"?

I happy with you.

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How do I translate "weave"?

sew string together_things

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How do I translate "grate'?

net

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How do I translate "skin"?

Skin can be translated "leather" or "hair" depending on the context.

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How do I translate "spring"?

move water

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How do I translate "split hoof"?

split foot

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How do I translate "god" as in a false god?

idol

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How do I translate "stove"?

small fire bowl

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How do I translate "oven"?

big fire bowl

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How do I translate "sackcloth"?

rough clothe

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How do I translate "paw" or "sole"?

foot's bottom

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How do I translate "no split hoof"?

complete foot

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How do I translate these things?

this thingthing

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How do I translate atonement cover or mercy seat?

mercy chair

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How do I translate ark of testimony or ark of the covenant?

covenant box

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How do I translate liver or kidney?

inside part

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How do I translate loin?

thigh

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How do I translate Fellowship Offering?

peace offering 

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How do I translate wave?

lift

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How do I translate wafer?

small bread

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How do I translate consecrate?

make holy

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How do I translate dung?

stomach food

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How do I translate ram?

man sheep

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How do I translate bull?

man cow

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How do I translate snare?

net

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How do I translate radiance?

bright

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How do I translate the month of Aviv?

Jew's first month

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How do I translate no one?

no person

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How do I translate early morning?

very morning

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How do I translate Canaanites?

Canaan's people. We put the country name first and then people, if the people group is named after a land. 

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How do I translate Festival of Passover?

Passover Party and be sure to add the proper noun indicator pn after party. Passover is already a proper noun.

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How do I translated Festival of Weeks?

Weeks Party and be sure to add the proper noun indicator pn after each word.

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How do I translated Festival of Unleavened Bread?

Unleavened Bread Party  and be sure to add the proper noun indicator pn after each word.

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How do I translate Festival of Ingathering?

Gather(things) Party and be sure to add the proper noun indicator pn after each word.

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How do I translate holy place?

holy room

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How do I translate tambourine?

small cymbal

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How do I translate sash?

clothing around waist

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How do I translate turban?

head clothing

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How do I translate coat?

outside clothing

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How do I translate robe in the priest clothing?

clothing under priest clothing

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How do I translate horseman?

soldier on horse

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How do I translate stone tablet?

rock plate

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How do I translate ephod?
lead priest clothing
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How do I translate hyssop?

small plant

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How do I translate tomorrow?

day after

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How do I translate midnight?

between night

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How do I translate clasp?

nail

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How do I translate acacia wood?

wood

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How do I translate frame?

If frame is referring to the Ark of the Covenant, use "crown." Otherwise, "wall" can work as well. 

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How do I translate cubit?

measure

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How do I translate craftsmen?

ability people

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How do I translate loop?

ring

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How do I translate pole?

smooth stick

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How do I translate post?

strong stick

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How do I translate peg?

tent ground stick

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How do I translate hook?

gathered_thing tool

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How do I translate pots?

prepare bowl or bowl for hot

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How do I translate fork?

split eat tool

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How do I translate shovel?

carry soil tool

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How do I translate pans?

bowls

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How do I translate bases?

small foundation

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How do I translate the idea of favoritism?

no honor above another

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How do I translate female?

Use the word woman to mean female. Be sure to put woman before the noun so that it will act as an adjective. For example, female sheep would be woman sheep. 

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How do I translate male?

Use the word man to mean male. Be sure to put man before the noun so that it will act as an adjective. For example, male sheep would be man sheep. 

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How do I translate cave?

hole in rock

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How do I translate rib?

bone

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How do I translate carts?

farm chariots

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How do I translate straw?

dry grass

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How do I translate mandrake?

love fruit

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How do I capitalize proper nouns?

Type pn after each work you want capitalized (with a space between the symbol and pn).

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How do I translate Almighty God or God Almighty?

Most Big God. 
Add the pn indicator after most and big to make them proper nouns.

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How do I translate midwife?

birth attendant

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How do I translate shekel?

money

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How do I translate pitcher?

water jar

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How do I translate speckled?

little spots

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How do I translate striped?

color between color 

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How do I translate pistachio?

small green tree fruit

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How do I translate almond?

hard sweet tree fruit

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How do I translate balm?

sweet smell oil

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Where can I get extra help understanding a passage?

V-mast has TN and TW tabs. These
stand for “translation notes” and “translation words.” These are a great
resource. Also biblehub.com has a variety of study tools and notes that are
helpful.

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How to write numbers over ten?

Type the number exactly as you see
it.  For instance, 12 disciples would be
translated one two.  We only space bar
one time between numbers. 

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Can I use question words?

Yes
but only use questions words (who, what) when there is a question being asked
in Scripture.  
For instance, many times in Scripture the word “who” is used rhetorically. In this case, we would not use the question word “who.” It confuses our
blind readers. You can use "because" and "if" to begin a
sentence.  The readers are taught that the next sentence will name the
condition of the first sentence. 

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What comes first in a SUN sentence?

The
subject. Find the subject of the sentence and place that first.  This can
be the most challenging when translating into SUN.  Many times it requires
totally restructuring the sentence in order to find the subject.  

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Do I need to double space after punctuation marks?

Yes,
if the punctuation mark turns into a symbol (period, apostrophe) you need to double space after. You only have
to space bar once after all other punctuation marks that do not turn into
symbols (quotation marks, question marks, commas, exclamation points).

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Why do I need to double space after typing each word?

The
first space creates the symbol, and the second space creates a blank in between
the symbols. 



 

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How do I type “their”?

Type they, space bar, *, space bar

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How do I type “our”?

Type we, space bar, *, space bar 

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How do I type “your"?

Type you, space bar, *, space bar

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How do I type "my"?

Type me, space bar, *, space bar

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What word do I use for "manager"?

work leader

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Can I start a sentence with a conjunction (but or and)?

No

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What symbol do I use for the word “right” when it means the opposite of wrong?

Use the symbol for “correct”.

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Do I use this this to mean these?

No

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What words do I need to make plural?

Nouns that represent more than one, except boys, girls, brothers, sisters, sons, daughters, and children. These have their own plural symbol. 


SUN does not use plural verbs.

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What do I do if there isn’t a symbol for a word?

If
you find a word that we do not have a symbol for, it's okay to use another word
that means the same thing that does have an existing symbol.  The
dictionary on v-mast is now updated and is a great resource for seeing all
the words we now have in SUN.  
If none of these things work,
leave the word in English.

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Do I change both sides during the self-edit step?

Yes, if there is a mistake, change the symbols and back
translation to match the correct meaning. 

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What symbol do I use for Holy Spirit?

Type holy spirit. Be sure to put the pn indicator after each
one to mark it as a proper noun. 

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Do I include verse numbers in my translation?

No, there is a separate step that does that. Verse markers
will be put in at the last step by the checker. 

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